Railroad Sights of Long Island: Riverhead and Greenport

Railroad Museum of Long Island in Riverhead:

Whilst Riverhead can be regarded the virtual finish of Extensive Island, it was only the starting of the at first meant intermodal rail-and-sea link’s traverse of the North Fork towards the eventual cross-seem ferry relationship.

Having its earliest-settlement name of “Head of the River” or “River Head,” the finally selected, one-phrase “Riverhead,” the ninth of Suffolk County’s 10 cities, was made out of the west end of Southold on March thirteen, 1792.

Therefore separate and autonomous, it was injected with advancement with the arrival of the railroad and the very station, developed on July 29, 1844 and serving the South Ferry, Brooklyn, to Greenport line, was made on existing-day Railroad Avenue. Regardless of its via-purpose, it channeled its possess disembarking passenger to stage coaches, which introduced them to Quogue and other south island locations.

Eastbound trains served the city on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, even though westbound ones, back again to Brooklyn, did so on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.

Mercantile, milling, and producing, its common industrial undertakings, catered to a one,600-sturdy inhabitants in 1875, the group boasting two grist mills, workplaces, 20 stores, a few lodges, and 6 church buildings.

Changing the initial educate depot, which was transformed into a residence for railroad personnel, a wood-framed one, created by Charles Hallett and showcasing scalloped trim and elaborate finials, was designed west of Griffing Avenue involving 1869 and 1870. This was subsequently changed with a 3rd, this time incorporating brick in its design, on June two, 1910.

“In the early 1900s, the east was a put of affluent potato farms in summer season and deep snows in wintertime,” wrote Ron Ziel and George H. Foster in their e-book, “Steel Rails to the Dawn: The Extended Island Railroad” (Ameron Home, 1965, p. 158).

“From the time of its realization that the initial rationale for its existence had vanished with the developing of the New Haven Railroad to Boston (fifty yrs previously), the LIRR has performed a significant position in acquiring the regions way out east,” they ongoing (p. 158). “… Enterprise and civic companies all in excess of the island joined with prominent citizens, newspapers, and the railroad to encourage travel and settlements on Very long Island.”

That development, however, was rarely speedy and when rails had been later on replaced by roadways, the Long Island Railroad’s re-invented, intermodal transportation function experienced vanished, leaving the bulk of its travellers to commute to Manhattan through the mass morning exodus.

In fact, by 1963, key line provider east of Riverhead experienced been lessened to a one day-to-day passenger and thrice-weekly freight run, making use of the monitor initially laid for the rail-to-sea hyperlink in the mid-nineteenth century.

Modern large-level concrete system, which does not bear a one shoeprint on sure days and in particular seasons, was made in between 1996 and 1997, but for rail fanatics, some of its history has been preserved at the Railroad Museum of Extended Island throughout from it.

“The heritage of Extended Island can be traced in steel rails, which cross its assorted landscape-from dim tunnels underneath New York City to the farms and sand dunes of the East Stop,” in accordance to its site. “The Railroad Museum of Extended Island strives to illustrate this heritage through interpretive shows from its archive of photographs and artifacts, and by means of the preservation and restoration of vintage railroad gear at its two spots in Riverhead and Greenport, New York.”

The previous, consisting of a 70-foot parcel of land now owned by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, but leased to the museum, the moment sported a pump household, a drinking water tower, and a turntable that was no extended dimensionally compatible with the bigger, more powerful locomotives showing up in the course of Planet War II.
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Cornerstone of the elaborate nowadays is a setting up hailing from 1885 and applied by the Corwin and Vail Lumber Property, nevertheless now serving as the museum’s customer center with a Lionel model railroad structure sporting Lengthy Island Railroad coaches in many liveries, a cardboard and balsa wooden duplicate of the Riverhead depot, which commemorates its one hundredth anniversary, and a present shop.

Throughout from it is the Lionel Website visitors Heart, featuring a numerous-observe format with a Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey circus screen, a h2o tower that identifies the city as “Lionelville,” and 72 push-button activated equipment from turning wind turbines to lighted command towers.

Outside the house are two other product railroads: the G-scale Freeman Railroad and the intricate-circumnavigating and rideable, 1964-1965 World’s Fair educate.

Built by the Alan Herschel Enterprise, the sixteen-gauge prepare by itself was an integral element of the fair’s Extended Island Railroad Pavilion, after which it was applied by Grumman Aerospace at its Calverton organization picnic, in advance of staying applied by the village of Patchogue and ultimately staying donated to the museum.

Given that restored, its motor and a few cars and trucks, putting on World’s Truthful livery and promoting, “Journey the Log Island. Travel effortless, your metal thruway to Truthful Gateway,” run on 670 ft of monitor, generally departing every single 50 % hour and making three circuits. Rides are involved with admission.

The crossing shanty following to it, which was initially situated in Innwood, Queens, and protected guards from the weather, facilitated the guide lowering and boosting of gates when trains handed to hinder pedestrian and vehicular motion. Riverhead reverted to an computerized method in the early -1950s.

The Railroad Museum of Extensive Island’s steam and diesel locomotives and passenger and freight autos are varied and traditionally sizeable. While a couple of are exhibited outdoors the reward store, most are situated throughout Griffing Avenue, parallel to currently energetic LIRR tracks and throughout from the existing Riverhead Station.

The gamers in the 1955 Close of Steam Ceremony are on show here, whilst in different phases of restoration.

Time, distance, and technological know-how separated the steam locomotives from their passenger coaches much more than fifty percent a century in the past, but the museum reunited some of them and they now stand only a number of yards from just about every other, albeit in static, but restoring states.

As just one of the Pennsylvania Railroad’s Class G-five “ten wheelers,” engine #39, for example, was built in its Juniata outlets in 1923, but its sturdy capabilities, expressed by its attributes, ideally provisioned it for every day, demanding commuter line service: a 237,000-pound gross weight, a two,178-hp cylinder functionality, a 205-psi boiler stress, a forty one,328-pound tractive effort, and speeds among 70 and eighty five mph.

Mainly serving the Oyster Bay department, it was the very last steam engine to journey to Greenport, in June of 1955.

Releasing its railway automobile to the arms of an RS-three diesel locomotive, selection 1556, all through the End of Steam handoff in Hicksville, it relinquished an period. That motor, a one,600-hp Class AGP-16msc, provisioned with multiple device velocity manage and constructed by the American Locomotive Organization, subsequently served the Extended Island Railroad method for 22 many years, whereafter it was acquired by the Gettysburg and Maryland Midland Railroad, and was eventually obtained by the museum.