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Start of the Short Message Service

Brief Message Service (SMS) is a texting service component of most telephone, Internet, and mobile telephony systems. By using standardized communication protocols to enable set line / landline or cell phone devices to exchange short text messages. SMS was the most widely used data application, with an estimated 3. 5 billion energetic users, or about 80% of most mobile phone subscribers, at the end of 2010.

Initial Development

The SMS concept was created in the Franco-German GSM cooperation in 1984 by Friedhelm Hillebrand and Bernard Ghillebaert.
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The GSM is definitely optimized for telephony, since this was identified as its main application. The key idea for SMS was to use this telephone-optimized system, and to transport messages on the signalling paths necessary to control the telephone traffic during periods when no signalling traffic existed. In this way, unused resources in the program could be used to transport messages with minimal cost. However , it was necessary to limit the length of the messages to 128 bytes (later improved in order to 160 seven-bit characters) so that the text messages could fit into the existing signalling formats. Based on his personal observations and analysis of the typical lengths associated with postcard and Telex messages, Hillebrand argued that 160 characters has been sufficient to express most messages succinctly.

Early Development

The first proposal which initiated the development of SMS was manufactured by a contribution of Germany and France into the GSM group meeting in February 1985 in Oslo. This proposal was further elaborated in GSM subgroup WP1 Services (Chairman Martine Alvernhe, France Telecom) based on a contribution from Philippines. There were also initial discussions in the subgroup WP3 network aspects chaired by Jan Audestad (Telenor). The result was approved by the main GSM group in a June ’85 document that was distributed to industry. The insight documents on SMS had been prepared by Friedhelm Hillebrand (Deutsche Telekom) along with contributions from Bernard Ghillebaert (France Télécom). The definition that Friedhelm Hillebrand and Bernard Ghillebaert brought straight into GSM called for the provision of the message transmission service of alphanumeric messages to mobile users “with acknowledgement capabilities”. The last three phrases transformed SMS into something a lot more useful than the prevailing messaging paging that some in GSM may have had in mind.

Early implementations

The very first SMS message was sent on the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom upon 3 December 1992, from Neil Papworth of Sema Group (now Mavenir Systems) using a personal computer to Richard Jarvis of Vodafone using an Orbitel 901 handset. The text from the message was “Merry Christmas.

The first commercial deployment of a short message service center (SMSC) was by Aldiscon part of Logica (now component of Acision) with Telia (now TeliaSonera) in Sweden in 1993, accompanied by Fleet Call (now Nextel) in america, Telenor in Norway[citation needed] and BT Cellnet (now O2 UK)[citation needed] later within 1993. All first installations associated with SMS Gateways were for system notifications sent to mobile phones, usually to inform of voice mail messages.

The very first commercially sold SMS service had been offered to consumers, as a person-to-person texting service by Radiolinja (now a part of Elisa) in Finland in 1993. Most early GSM mobile phone handsets did not support the ability to send TEXT MESSAGE text messages, and Nokia was the just handset manufacturer whose total GSM phone line in 1993 supported user-sending of SMS text messages. According to Matti Makkonen, the inventor associated with SMS text messages, Nokia 2010, which was released in January 1994, was your first mobile phone to support composing SMSes easily.

SMS Today

In 2010, 6. 1 trillion (6. 1 × 1012) SMS text messages were delivered. This translates into an average of 193, 1000 SMS per second. SMS has become a huge commercial industry, earning $114. 6 billion globally in 2010. The global average price for an SMS message is US$0. 11, while cellular networks charge each other interconnect fees of at least US$0. 04 when connecting between different phone networks.

In 2015, the actual cost of sending an SMS in Australia was discovered to be $0. 00016 per SMS.

In 2014, Caktus Group created the world’s first SMS-based voter registration system in Libya. So far, more than 1 . 5 million people have registered using that system, delivering Libyan voters with unprecedented entry to the democratic process.

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